Fundamentals of Art

  Fundamentals of Art

"Art is universal. For example, you don't have to speak or read French in order to understand a French Painting." 


The basic art elements are the visual "tools" an artist uses to create a work of art. These elements have been used since prehistoric man first painted, sculpted, and drew wonderful animals on cave walls. The elements of art are color, value, line, texture, shape, form and space. These elements are used in combination to create works of art.




-To learn about the basic elements and principles of design.

-To learn about different types of media and techniques.

*Fundamentals of Art should be the first art class you take.

 Materials for Success:

-11x14 or 9x12 sketchbook (preferably wire bound)

-1 Ebony Design or any HB drawing pencil

-1 kneaded eraser

-1 Sharpie marker or equivalent permanent marker

 The seven elements of Art:


Color has three properties.

-hue- the color itself.

-value- the lightness or darkness of a color.

-intensity- the brightness or dullness of a color.


Value is the lightness or darkness of anything. Value is an element in itself as well as a color property. White is the lightest possible value. Black is the darkest possible value.

Color can also change in value. Color lightened with white is called a tint. Color darkened with black is called a shade.

All colors are made from red, yellow and blue.


Shape has two dimensions, width and height.

There are two types of shapes, geometric and organic. Geometric shapes can be measured mathematically.


Forms have three dimensions: height, width and depth.


In painting and drawing, space is the illusion of depth created by an artist on a flat surface.

Positive space is space taken up by objects. Negative space is empty space around objects.


Line is a mark which has greater width than depth.

We see the edges of shapes as line.

Line directs the viewers eye around a work of art.

Lines can create value.

Lines can create texture.


Texture is the surface quality of an object. It is how something feels or looks like it would feel when touched.

Some of the projects done in Fundamentals of Art:

Label Paintings  label painting 2

Label Paintings

comp painting  comp painting  comp painting

Famous Painting Composition Paintings

comic contrast 

comic contrast 2

Comic Contrast Drawing


Tessellation Design

shapes in comp  shapes 2

Shapes in Composition

repetiton  repetiton


Pattern Design
from: Julianna Kunstler

name design

Name Design
from: Julianna Kuntsler